Technical Resources

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A message from the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University, UK

If you are involved or have contacts who are involved in the emergency response to the recent earthquake in Morocco, you may wish to refer to these books and documents.

 

EMERGENCY WATER SOURCES

Guidelines for selection and treatment

These guidelines have been designed to help those involved in the assessment of emergency water sources to collect relevant information in a systematic way, to use this information to select a source or sources and to determine the appropriate level of treatment required to make the water suitable for drinking. The book is relevant to a wide range of emergency situations, including both natural and conflict-induced disasters.

https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/books/Emergency_Water_Sources_-_Complete.pdf

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EMERGENCY SANITATION

Assessment and programme design

This book is designed to assist those involved in planning and implementing emergency sanitation programmes. The main focus of the book is a systematic and structured approach to assessment and programme design. It provides a balance between the hardware (technical) and software (socio-cultural, institutional) aspects of sanitation programmes, and links short-term emergency response to long-term sustainability. The book is relevant to a wide range of emergency situations, including both natural and conflict-induced disasters, and open and closed settings. It is suitable for field technicians, engineers and hygiene promoters, as well as staff at agency headquarters.

https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/books/Emergency_Sanitation_-_Complete.pdf

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EXCRETA DISPOSAL IN EMERGENCIES

A field manual

The purpose of this manual is to provide practical guidance on how to select, design, construct and maintain appropriate excreta disposal systems in emergency situations. Relevant situations include natural disasters, relief for refugees and internally displaced people, and complex emergencies, focusing on rural and peri-urban areas.

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/wedc/resources/pubs/books/edie/

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OUT IN THE COLD

Emergency water supply and sanitation for cold regions

This handbook is designed for aid workers working in cool temperate or cold regions. It is designed to provide specific supplementary information that can be used together with the information given in more general emergency manuals.

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/wedc/resources/pubs/books/oitc/

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EMERGENCY VECTOR CONTROL

A handbook for relief workers

The control of vectors that transmit diseases in emergen- cies is critical to the prevention of epidemics. This handbook describes how such vectors can be identified and controlled using chemicals. Aimed at non-specialists such as logisticians, engineers and health workers, it provides advice on identify- ing the responsible vector, selecting the appropriate control chemical and the means of application, together with advice on planning an implementation programme.

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/research/wedc/resources/pubs/books/evc/

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WHO TECHNICAL NOTES ON DRINKING-WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE IN EMERGENCIES

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1. CLEANING AND REHABILITATING HAND-DUG WELLS

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_01_Cleaning_and_disinfecting_wells.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/031-Cleaning-and-rehabilitating-hand-dug-wells.pdf

 

2. CLEANING AND REHABILITATING BOREHOLES

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_02_Cleaning_and_disinfecting_boreholes.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/031-Cleaning-and-rehabilitating-hand-dug-wells.pdf

 

3. CLEANING AND DISINFECTING WATER STORAGE TANKS AND TANKERS

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_03_Cleaning_and_disinfecting_water_storage_tanks_and_tankers.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/033-Cleaning-and-disinfecting-water-storage-tanks-and-tankers.pdf

 

4. REHABILITATING SMALL-SCALE PIPED WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_04_Rehabilitating_small-scale_piped_water_distribution_systems.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/034-Rehabilitating-small-scale-piped-water-distribution-systems.pdf

 

5. EMERGENCY TREATMENT OF DRINKING-WATER AT THE POINT OF USE

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_05_Emergency_treatment_of_drinking_water_at_the_point_of_use.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/035-Emergency-treatment-of-drinking-water-at-the-point-of-use.pdf

 

6. REHABILITATING WATER TREATMENT WORKS AFTER AN EMERGENCY

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_06_Rehabilitating_water_treatment_works_after_an_emergency.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/036-Rehabilitating-water-treatment-works-after-an-emergency.pdf

 

7. SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN EMERGENCIES

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_07_Solid_waste_management_in_emergencies.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/037-Solid-waste-management-in-emergencies.pdf

 

8. DISPOSAL OF DEAD BODIES IN EMERGENCY CONDITIONS

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_08_Disposal_of_dead_bodies.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/038-Disposal-of-dead-bodies-in-emergency-conditions.pdf

 

9. HOW MUCH WATER IS NEEDED IN EMERGENCIES

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_09_How_much_water_is_needed.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/039-How-much-water-is-needed-in-emergencies.pdf

 

10. HYGIENE PROMOTION IN EMERGENCIES

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_10_Hygiene_promotion_in_emergencies.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/040-Hygiene-promotion-in-emergencies.pdf

 

11. MEASURING CHLORINE LEVELS IN WATER SUPPLIES

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_11_Measuring_chlorine_levels_in_water_supplies.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/041-Measuring-chlorine-levels-in-water-supplies.pdf

12. DELIVERING SAFE WATER BY TANKER

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_12_Delivering_safe_water_by_tanker.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/042-Delivering-safe-water-by-tanker.pdf

 

13. PLANNING FOR EXCRETA DISPOSAL IN EMERGENCIES

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_13_Planning_for_excreta_disposal_in_emergencies.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES:  https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/043-Planning-for-excreta-disposal-in-emergencies.pdf

 

14. TECHNICAL OPTIONS FOR EXCRETA DISPOSAL IN EMERGENCIES

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_14_Technical_options_for_excreta_disposal.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/043-Planning-for-excreta-disposal-in-emergencies.pdf

 

15. CLEANING WELLS AFTER SEAWATER FLOODING

https://www.lboro.ac.uk/media/wwwlboroacuk/external/content/research/wedc/pdfs/whotechnicalnotes/WHO_TNE_15_Cleaning_wells_after_seawater_flooding.pdf

VERSION FOR PHONES: https://wedc-knowledge.lboro.ac.uk/resources/e/mn/045-Cleaning-wells-after-seawater-flooding.pdf

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VIDEOS

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WATER SAMPLING

https://www.youtube.com/embed/qoSvbbId18o?autoplay=1&rel=0

MEASURING CONCENTRATIONS OF CHEMICALS IN WATER

https://www.youtube.com/embed/sF45_sYve7s?autoplay=1&rel=0

MEASURING THE TURBIDITY OF WATER

https://www.youtube.com/embed/Vk_bEFHA2KQ?autoplay=1&rel=0

Akvopedia

A Wikipedia-type service provided by AKVO, an NGO in the Netherlands.
 
Welcome to Akvopedia – the main Akvopedia page – explains how Akvopedia works.
 
Water Portal – contains information on water collection, pumping and transportation, storage, treatment, and use of water.
 
Sanitation Portal – contains information on toilets, collection, treatment, use of products, and hygiene.
 
Decision & Assessment Tools – contains several tools, assessments, or kits that aid in the implementation of water and sanitation projects in an easier way.

Ask an Expert

The WASH Rotary Action Group Technology Team is happy to assist Rotarians at any stage of the planning and execution of a water or sanitation project. Rotarians with field, technology, and Global Grant experience will try to quickly respond to questions emailed to: info@WASH-RAG.org
 
All Rotarians can benefit from current project experience, and Rotarians at work on water and sanitation projects are encouraged to share their observations and practices on the WASH Rotary Action Group Blog

Hand Washing Resources

Downloadable Items

Managing Fecal Sludge in Rural Areas

Download this toolkit published by Centre for Science and Environment
CLICK HERE

Hand Hygiene For Health

https://handhygieneforhealth.org/

For a School of 1000 student, Handwashing Behaviour Change is created and sustained in just 3 DAYS

The system is to provide a hygiene workshop and portable tap for each classroom. This greatly improve access to running water and soap for handwashing and hand hygiene for health. ‘Hand Hygiene for Health’ (HHFH) system using a portable SPATAP, provides the economical long term solution.

Handwashing behaviour change Is only possible with convenient access to a clean, hygienic, tap with flowing water to wash away contaminants.

Download the Train the Trainer document
CLICK HERE

Technical Guides

 

Training documents:

  • WASRAG: Sustainability Guideline   PDF
  • WASRAG: GUIDELINES FOR PLANNING SUSTAINABLE HEALTH & HYGIENE PROJECTS   PDF
  • WASRAG: GUIDELINES FOR PLANNING SUSTAINABLE WATER PROJECTS AND SELECTING TECHNOLOGIES   PDF
  • WASRAG: GUIDELINES FOR PLANNING SUSTAINABLE SANITATION PROJECTS   PDF
  • Water Guidelines    Spanish  
  • Sanitation Guidelines   Spanish   Portuguese
  • Hygiene Guidelines   Spanish    Portuguese

 

Hygiene: WaterAid’s Hygiene Framework (PDF)    English  French   Portuguese

 

SOIL, an NGO working on sanitation solutions in Haiti has produced a comprehensive guide to building Eco-San toilets. The guide is in three parts.

 

Building Sand Dams: A Practical Guide PDF